Report an accessibility problem

Giuseppe Mascaro

Recent Publications

2021 to Present:

Mascaro, G., S. M. Papalexiou, S. M., and D. B. Wright, 2023. Advancing characterization and modeling of space-time correlation structure and marginal distribution of short-duration precipitation. Advances in Water Resources, 177, 104451.

X. Guan, and G. Mascaro, 2023. Impacts of climate change on the food-water nexus in central Arizona. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 333, 109413.

Whitney, K., E. R. Vivoni, T. J. Bohn, G. Mascaro, Z. Wang, M. Xiao, M. Mahmoud, C. Cullom and D. D. White, 2023. Spatial attribution of declining Colorado River streamflow under future warming. Journal of Hydrology, 617, 129125.

Mascaro, G., A. Hussein, A. Dugger, and D. J. Gochis, 2023. Process‐based calibration of WRF‐Hydro in a mountainous basin in southwestern U.S. Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 59(1), 49–70.

Xiao, M., G. Mascaro, Z. Wang, K. M. Whitney, and E. R. Vivoni, 2022. On the Value of Satellite Remote Sensing to Reduce Uncertainties of Regional Simulations of the Colorado River. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 26, 5627–5646, 2022

Maggioni, V., S. A. Upadhyaya, V. Petković, V., and G. Mascaro, 2022. Editorial: A quest to fully understand precipitation: Novel methods to characterize, model, and detect precipitation processes. Frontiers in Climate.

Huang, J., S. Fatichi, G. Mascaro, G. Manoli, and N. Peleg, 2022. Intensification of sub-daily rainfall extremes in a low-rise urban area. Urban Climate, 42, 101124.

Shrestha, A., G. Mascaro, and M. Garcia, 2022. Effect of stormwater infrastructure data completeness and model resolution on urban flood modeling, Journal of Hydrology, 127498,

Farris, S., R. Deidda, R., Viola, F., and G. Mascaro, 2021. On the role of serial correlation and field significance in detecting changes in extreme precipitation frequency. Water Resources Research, 57, e2021WR030172.

Mounir, A., X. Guan, and G. Mascaro, 2021. Investigating the value of spatiotemporal resolutions and feedback loops in water-energy nexus modeling. Environmental Modeling and Software, 145, 105197.

Hjelmstad, A., A. Shrestha, M. Garcia, and G. Mascaro, 2021. Propagation of radar rainfall uncertainties into urban pluvial flood modeling during the North American monsoon. Hydrological Sciences Journal, DOI: 10.1080/02626667.2021.1980216

Sordo-Ward, A., I. Gabriel-Martín, P. Bianucci, G. Mascaro, E.R. Vivoni, and L. Garrote, 2021. Stochastic Hybrid Event Based and Continuous Approach to Derive Flood Frequency Curve. Water, 13, 1931.

Previous Publications


Mascaro, G. 2020. Comparison of local, regional, and scaling models for rainfall intensity-duration-frequency analysis. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 59(9), 1519-1536.

Morbidelli, R. et al., 2020. The history of rainfall data time-resolution in a wide variety of geographical areas. Journal of Hydrology, 590, 125258.

Underwood, B. S., G. Mascaro, M. V. Chester, A. Fraser, T. Lopez-Cantu, and C. Samaras, 2020. Past and Present design practices and uncertainty in climate projections are challenges for designing infrastructure to future conditions. Journal of Infrastructure Systems, 26(3), 04020026.

Opejin, A. K., R. M. Aggarwal, D. D. White, J. L. Jones, R. Maciejewski, G. Mascaro, and H. S. Sarjoughian, 2020. A bibliometric analysis of food-energy-water nexus literature, Sustainability, 12, 1112.

Guan, X, G. Mascaro, D. Sampson, and R. Maciejewski, 2020. A metropolitan scale water management analysis of the food-energy-water nexus. Science of the Total Environment, 701, 134478.

Mascaro, G., A. Ko, and E. R. Vivoni, 2019. Closing the loop of satellite soil moisture estimation via scale invariance of hydrologic simulations, Scientific Reports, 9, 16123.

Perra, E., M. Piras, R. Deidda, G. Mascaro, and C. Paniconi, 2019. Investigating parameter transferability across models and events for a semiarid Mediterranean catchment. Water, 11(11), 2261.

Mounir, A, G. Mascaro, and D. D. White, 2019. A metropolitan scale analysis of the impacts of future electricity mix alternatives on the water-energy nexus. Applied Energy, 256, 113870.

Ko, A, G. Mascaro, and E. R. Vivoni, 2019. Strategies to improve and evaluate physics-based hyperresolution hydrologic simulations at regional basin scales. Water Resources Research, 55.

Bohn, T.J., K. M. Whitney, G. Mascaro, and E. R. Vivoni, 2019. A deterministic approach for approximating the diurnal cycle of precipitation for use in large-scale hydrological modeling. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 20, 297–317.

White, D. D., K. L. Lawless, E. R. Vivoni, G. Mascaro, R. Pahle, I. Kumar, P. Coli, R. M. Castillo, F. Moreda, and M. Asfora, 2019. Co‐producing interdisciplinary knowledge and action for sustainable water governance: lessons from the development of a water resources decision support system in Pernambuco, Brazil. Global Challenges, 1800012.

Bohn, T.J., E. R. Vivoni, G. Mascaro, and D. D. White, 2018. Land and water use changes in the US-Mexico border region, 1992 to 2011. Environmental Research Letters, 13 (11), 114005.

Perra, E., M. Piras, R. Deidda, C. Paniconi, G. Mascaro, E. R. Vivoni, P. Cau, P. A. Marras, R. Ludwig, and S. Meyer, 2018. Multimodel assessment of climate change-induced hydrologic impacts for a Mediterranean catchment. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 22(7), 4125-4143.

Gautam, J., and G. Mascaro, 2018. Evaluation of CMIP5 historical simulations in the Colorado River Basin. International Journal of Climatology, 1-17, https://doi. org/10.1002/joc.5540.

Mascaro, G., 2018. On the distributions of annual and seasonal daily rainfall extremes in central Arizona and their spatial variability. Journal of Hydrology, 559, 266-281.

Mascaro, G., F. Viola, and R. Deidda, 2018. Evaluation of precipitation from EURO-CORDEX regional climate simulations in a small-scale Mediterranean Site. Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmosphere, 123.

White, D. D., L. J. Jones, R. Maciejewski, R. Aggarwal, and G. Mascaro, 2017. Stakeholder analysis for the Food-Energy-Water nexus in Phoenix, Arizona: Implications for nexus governance. Sustainability, 9(12), 2204, doi:10.3390/su9122204.

Kim, Y., D. A., Eisenberg, E. N. Bondank, M. V. Chester, G. Mascaro, and B. S. Underwood, 2017. Fail-safe and safe-to-fail adaptation: decision-making for urban flooding under climate change. Climatic Change, 145(3-4), 397-412.

Xiang, T., E. R. Vivoni, D. J. Gochis, and G. Mascaro, 2017. On the diurnal cycle of surface energy fluxes in the North American monsoon region using the WRF-Hydro modeling system. Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 122, 9024–9049.

Cazares-Rodriguez, J.E., E.R. Vivoni, and G. Mascaro, 2017. Comparison of two watershed models for addressing stakeholder flood mitigation strategies: case study of Hurricane Alex in Monterrey, México. Journal of Hydrologic Engineering, 22(9): 05017018.

Mascaro, G., 2017. Multiscale spatial and temporal statistical properties of rainfall in Central Arizona. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 18(1), 227-245.

Méndez-Barroso, L.A., E. R. Vivoni, and G. Mascaro, 2016. Impact of spatially-variable soil thickness and texture on simulated hydrologic conditions in a semiarid watershed in Northwest Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geologicas, 33(3), 365-377.

Mascaro, G., and E.R. Vivoni, 2016. On the observed hysteresis in field-scale soil moisture variability and its physical controls. Environmental Research Letters, 11(8), 084008.

Fatichi, S., E. R. Vivoni, F. L. Ogden, V. Y. Ivanov, B. Mirus, D. Gochis, C. W. Downer, M. Camporese, J. H. Davison, B. Ebel, and N. Jones, J. Kim, G. Mascaro, R. Niswonger, P. Restrepo, R. Rigon, C. Shen, M. Sulis, and D. Tarboton, 2016. An overview of current applications, challenges, and future trends in distributed process-based models in hydrology. Journal of Hydrology, 537, 45-60.

Ko, A., G. Mascaro, and E. R. Vivoni, 2016. Irrigation impacts on scaling properties of soil moisture and the calibration of a multifractal downscaling model. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 54(6), 3128-3142, doi: 10.1109/TGRS.2015.2511628.

Schreiner-McGraw, A. P., E. R. Vivoni, G. Mascaro, and T. E. Franz, 2016. Closing the water balance with cosmic-ray soil moisture measurements and assessing their relation to evapotranspiration in two semiarid watersheds. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 20, 329–345.

Piras, M., G. Mascaro, R. Deidda, and E. R. Vivoni, 2016. Impacts of climate change on precipitation and discharge extremes through the use of statistical downscaling approaches in a Mediterranean basin. Science of The Total Environment, 543,952-964.


Mascaro, G., D. D. White, P. Westerhoff, and N. Bliss, 2015. Performance of the CORDEX-Africa regional climate simulations in representing the hydrological cycle of the Niger River basin. Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmosphere, 120, 12425–12444.

Mascaro, G., E. R. Vivoni, L. A. Méndez-Barroso, 2015. Hyperresolution hydrologic modeling in a regional watershed and its interpretation using empirical orthogonal functions. Advances in Water Resources, 83, 190-206.

Hawkins, G. A.,E. R. Vivoni, A. Robles-Morua, G. Mascaro, E. Rivera, and F. Dominguez, 2015. A climate change projection for summer hydrologic conditions in a semiarid watershed of Central Arizona. Journal of Arid Environments, 118, 9-20.

Piras, M., G. Mascaro, R. Deidda, and E. R. Vivoni, 2014. Quantification of hydrologic impacts of climate change in a Mediterranean basin in Sardinia, Italy, through high-resolution simulations. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 18, 5201-5217.

Méndez Barroso, L.A., E.R. Vivoni, A. Robles Morua, G. Mascaro, E.A. Yépez, J.C. Rodríguez, C.J. Watts, J. Garatuza Payán, and J.A. Saíz Hernández, 2014. A modeling approach reveals differences in evapotranspiration and its partitioning in two semiarid ecosystems in Northwest Mexico. Water Resources Research, 50, doi:10.1002/2013WR014838.

Mascaro, G., E. R. Vivoni, D. J. Gochis, C. J. Watts, and J. C. Rodriguez, 2014. Temporal downscaling and statistical analysis of rainfall across a topographic transect in northwest Mexico. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 53, 910–927.

Mascaro, G., M. Piras, R. Deidda, and E. R. Vivoni, 2013. Distributed hydrologic modeling of a sparsely-monitored basin in Sardinia, Italy, through hydrometeorological downscaling. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 17, 4143-4158.

Mascaro, G., R. Deidda and M. Hellies, 2013. On the nature of rainfall intermittency as revealed by different metrics and sampling approaches. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 17, 1-15.

Mascaro, G. and E. R. Vivoni, 2012. Utility of coarse and downscaled soil moisture products at L- band for hydrologic modeling at the catchment scale, Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L10403, doi:10.1029/2012GL051809.

Mascaro, G., and E.R. Vivoni, 2012. Comparison of statistical and multifractal properties of soil moisture and brightness temperature from ESTAR and PSR during SGP99. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 9(3), doi: 10.1109/LGRS.2011.2169770.

Biondi, D., G. Freni, V. Iacobellis, G. Mascaro, and A. Montanari, 2012. Validation of hydrological models: Conceptual basis, methodological approaches and a proposal for a code of practice. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 42-44, 70-76.

Mascaro, G., E.R. Vivoni, and R. Deidda, 2011. Soil moisture downscaling across climate regions and its emergent properties. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmosphere, 116, D22114, doi:10.1029/2011JD016231.

Vivoni, E. R., G. Mascaro, S. Mniszewski, P. Fasel, E. P. Springer, V. Y. Ivanov, and R. L. Bras, 2011. Real-world hydrologic assessment of a fully-distributed hydrological model in a parallel computing environment. Journal of Hydrology, 409 (1-2), 483-496.


Mascaro, G., E.R. Vivoni, and R. Deidda 2010. Downscaling soil moisture in the southern Great Plains through a calibrated multifractal model for land surface modeling applications. Water Resources Research, 46, W08546, doi:10.1029/2009WR008855.

Mascaro, G., E.R. Vivoni, and R. Deidda, 2010. Physical controls on the scale-dependence of ensemble streamflow forecast dispersion. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 10, 1605–1615.

Mascaro, G., E.R. Vivoni and R. Deidda, 2010. Implications of ensemble quantitative precipitation forecast errors on distributed streamflow forecasting. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 11, 69-86.

Mascaro, G., and E.R. Vivoni, 2010. Statistical and scaling properties of remotely-sensed soil moisture in two contrasting domains in the North American Monsoon region. Journal of Arid Environments, 74, 572-578.

Vivoni, E.R., H.A. Moreno, G. Mascaro, J.C. Rodriguez, C.J. Watts, J. Garatuza- Payan, and R.L. Scott, 2008. Observed relation between evapotranspiration and soil moisture in the North American monsoon region. Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L22403, doi:10.1029/2008GL036001.

Mascaro, G, R. Deidda and E.R. Vivoni, 2008. A new verification method to ensure consistent ensemble forecasts through calibrated precipitation downscaling models. Monthly Weather Review, 136 (9), 3374-3391.

Deidda R., G. Mascaro, E. Piga E., G. Querzoli, 2007. An automatic system for rainfall signal recognition from tipping bucket gage strip charts. Journal of Hydrology, 333, 400-412, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2006.09.011